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RFC 7208, "Sender Policy Framework (SPF) for Authorizing Use of Domains in Email, Version 1", April 2014

Source of RFC: spfbis (app)

Errata ID: 6595
Status: Reported
Type: Technical
Publication Format(s) : TEXT

Reported By: Benjamin Schwarze
Date Reported: 2021-06-03

Section 4.6.4 says:

As described at the end of Section 11.1, there may be cases where it
is useful to limit the number of "terms" for which DNS queries return
either a positive answer (RCODE 0) with an answer count of 0, or a
"Name Error" (RCODE 3) answer.  These are sometimes collectively
referred to as "void lookups".  SPF implementations SHOULD limit
"void lookups" to two.  An implementation MAY choose to make such a
limit configurable.  In this case, a default of two is RECOMMENDED.
Exceeding the limit produces a "permerror" result.

It should say:

-- Addition to the original paragraph --

ADMDs should be aware that the void lookup limit can easily be exceeded by using sender-specific macros ("s", "l", "o", "i", "h") in more than 2 terms.

The following example will lead to an permerror in the most implementations if the <ip> is not found in any of the lists:
  v=spf1 exists:%{ir}.list1.example.net exists:%{ir}.list2.example.net exists:%{ir}.list3.example.net -all

Notes:

In addition to the above suggestion, I still see a contradiction between the "void lookup limit" and the "exists" mechanism. The functionality of "exists" includes (in my opinion) the negative response (RCODE 3). But the "void lookup limit" allows this to occur only twice. This limits the use of "exists" very much.

Admittedly: I have no good idea how to solve this. :-)

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