RFC 9340

Architectural Principles for a Quantum Internet, March 2023

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W. Kozlowski
S. Wehner
R. Van Meter
B. Rijsman
A. S. Cacciapuoti
M. Caleffi
S. Nagayama

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DOI:  https://doi.org/10.17487/RFC9340

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The vision of a quantum internet is to enhance existing Internet technology by enabling quantum communication between any two points on Earth. To achieve this goal, a quantum network stack should be built from the ground up to account for the fundamentally new properties of quantum entanglement. The first quantum entanglement networks have been realised, but there is no practical proposal for how to organise, utilise, and manage such networks. In this document, we attempt to lay down the framework and introduce some basic architectural principles for a quantum internet. This is intended for general guidance and general interest. It is also intended to provide a foundation for discussion between physicists and network specialists. This document is a product of the Quantum Internet Research Group (QIRG).

For the definition of Status, see RFC 2026.

For the definition of Stream, see RFC 8729.

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