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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         S. Weiler
Request for Comments: 5781                                  SPARTA, Inc.
Category: Informational                                          D. Ward
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                  Juniper
                                                              R. Housley
                                                          Vigil Security
                                                           February 2010

                          The rsync URI Scheme


   This document specifies the rsync Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

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RFC 5781                        rsync URI                  February 2010

1.  Introduction

   URIs were previously defined in RFC 2396, which was obsoleted by RFC
   3986 [RFC3986].  The procedures for registering new URI schemes are
   defined in RFC 4395 [RFC4395].  The rsync utility provides fast
   incremental file transfer [rsync].  This document defines a URI
   scheme for rsync.

2.  rsync URI registration

   This section contains the registration template for the rsync URI
   scheme in accordance with RFC 4395 [RFC4395].  This URI scheme is for
   the rsync protocol using TCP as the transport protocol.  Other
   transports, such as rsync over SSH, are not supported by this URI

   URI scheme name: rsync

   Status: provisional

   URI scheme syntax: An rsync URI describes a source or destination for
   the rsync application including a hostname, path, and optional user
   and port.  The generic form of the rsync URI is:


   The rsync URI follows the general syntax from RFC 3986 and is defined
   by the following ABNF [RFC5234]:

      rsyncuri        = "rsync:" hier-part
                        ; See RFC 3986 for the definition
                        ; of hier-part

   URI scheme semantics: An rsync URI may be used as either a source or
   destination for the rsync application.  If the port is not specified,
   it defaults to 873.

   Encoding considerations: Since the rsync URI is defined using
   standard elements from RFC 3986, no special encoding considerations
   are present.

   Applications/protocols that use this URI scheme name: The only
   application that uses rsync URIs is rsync.

   Interoperability considerations: Since only one application is
   expected to make use of rsync URIs, this URI scheme is expected to
   have few interoperability concerns.

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RFC 5781                        rsync URI                  February 2010

   Security considerations: Section 7 of RFC 3986 describes general
   security considerations for URI schemes.  The considerations about
   reliability and consistency, malicious construction, rare IP address
   formats, sensitive information, and semantic attacks all apply to
   rsync URIs.  The considerations about transcoding do not apply.
   Given how rsync is regularly used, it is expected that most
   applications will not be bothered by data accessed via a given rsync
   URI changing over time.

   Contact: Russ Housley <housley@vigilsec.com>

   Author/Change controller: Russ Housley <housley@vigilsec.com>

   References: see Section 5.

3.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has registered the rsync provisional URI scheme using the
   template in Section 2.

4.  Security Considerations

   Many security considerations for the usage of URIs are discussed in
   Section 7 of [RFC3986].  The considerations about reliability and
   consistency, malicious construction, rare IP address formats,
   sensitive information, and semantic attacks all apply to rsync URIs.
   The considerations about transcoding do not apply.  The rsync URI
   scheme has no particularly unique security considerations.

   The security considerations of the rsync protocol are not covered in
   this document.

5.  Normative References

   [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
              Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66, RFC
              3986, January 2005.

   [RFC4395]  Hansen, T., Hardie, T., and L. Masinter, "Guidelines and
              Registration Procedures for New URI Schemes", BCP 35, RFC
              4395, February 2006.

   [RFC5234]  Crocker, D., Ed., and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for
              Syntax Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234, January

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RFC 5781                        rsync URI                  February 2010

6.  Informative References

   [rsync]  http://rsync.samba.org/.

Authors' Addresses

   Samuel Weiler
   SPARTA, Inc.
   7110 Samuel Morse Drive
   Columbia, Maryland  21046

   EMail: weiler@tislabs.com

   Dave Ward
   Juniper Networks
   1194 North Mathilda Avenue
   Sunnyvale, California  94089-1206

   EMail: dward@juniper.net

   Russ Housley
   Vigil Security, LLC
   918 Spring Knoll Drive
   Herndon, Virginia  20170

   EMail: housley@vigilsec.com

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