[rfc-dist] RFC 3884 on Use of IPsec Transport Mode for Dynamic Routing

rfc-editor at rfc-editor.org rfc-editor at rfc-editor.org
Tue Sep 28 14:59:53 PDT 2004


A new Request for Comments is now available in online RFC libraries.


        RFC 3884

        Title:      Use of IPsec Transport Mode for Dynamic Routing
        Author(s):  J. Touch, L. Eggert, Y. Wang
        Status:     Informational
        Date:       September 2004
        Mailbox:    touch at isi.edu, lars.eggert at netlab.nec.de,
                    yushunwa at isi.edu
        Pages:      25
        Characters: 59437
        Updates/Obsoletes/SeeAlso:    None

        I-D Tag:    draft-touch-ipsec-vpn-07.txt

        URL:        ftp://ftp.rfc-editor.org/in-notes/rfc3884.txt


IPsec can secure the links of a multihop network to protect
communication between trusted components, e.g., for a secure virtual
network (VN), overlay, or virtual private network (VPN). Virtual links
established by IPsec tunnel mode can conflict with routing and
forwarding inside VNs because IP routing depends on references to
interfaces and next-hop IP addresses. The IPsec tunnel mode
specification is ambiguous on this issue, so even compliant
implementations cannot be trusted to avoid conflicts.  An
alternative to tunnel mode uses non-IPsec IPIP encapsulation together
with IPsec transport mode, which we call IIPtran.  IPIP encapsulation
occurs as a separate initial step, as the result of a forwarding
lookup of the VN packet. IPsec transport mode processes the resulting
(tunneled) IP packet with an SA determined through a security
association database (SAD) match on the tunnel header.  IIPtran
supports dynamic routing inside the VN without changes to the current
IPsec architecture.  IIPtran demonstrates how to configure any
compliant IPsec implementation to avoid the aforementioned conflicts.
IIPtran is also compared to several alternative mechanisms for VN
routing and their respective impact on IPsec, routing, policy
enforcement, and interactions with the Internet Key Exchange (IKE).

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Joyce K. Reynolds and Sandy Ginoza
USC/Information Sciences Institute

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