RFC 7252, "The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP)", June 2014Source of RFC: core (app)
Errata ID: 4948
Reported By: Klaus Hartke
Date Reported: 2017-02-22
Section 5.6 says:
For a presented request, a CoAP endpoint MUST NOT use a stored response, unless: o the presented request method and that used to obtain the stored response match, o all options match between those in the presented request and those of the request used to obtain the stored response (which includes the request URI), except that there is no need for a match of any request options marked as NoCacheKey (Section 5.4) or recognized by the Cache and fully interpreted with respect to its specified cache behavior (such as the ETag request option described in Section 5.10.6; see also Section 5.4.2), and o the stored response is either fresh or successfully validated as defined below. The set of request options that is used for matching the cache entry is also collectively referred to as the "Cache-Key".
It should say:
For a presented request, a CoAP endpoint MUST NOT use a stored response, unless: o [...] o [...] o the payload of the presented request and the payload of the request used to obtain the stored response match, and o [...] The set of request options that is used for matching the cache entry plus (if applicable) the request payload are also collectively referred to as the "Cache-Key".
CoAP servers may return error responses in reply to requests that are invalid at the CoAP level (e.g., 4.02 Bad Option if the client includes an unrecognized option) or at the application level above (e.g., 4.00 Bad Request if the client includes a malformed payload according to application semantics).
If the error response does not depend on the request payload, then it is desirable that repeated requests that differ only in the payload can be satisfied with the same cached response. E.g., repeated requests for a non-existing resource should result in a cached 4.04 Not Found response as often as possible, regardless of the payload, rather than hit the server every time.
If the error response depends on the request payload, then it is not desirable that cached responses are reused for repeated requests that differ only in the payload. E.g., a client should not receive an error response for a valid request payload because another client sent an identical request but with a malformed request payload. In this case, including the request payload in the Cache-Key would give the expected result.
The original text does not include the request in the Cache-Key, which may lead to unexpected results. The corrected text changes that.
Since CoAP does not provide any indication in responses to distinguish between the two cases, caches generally cannot determine whether the response depends on the request payload or not and thus must always include the request payload in the Cache-Key to give the expected result. (As an exception, a cache at an origin server may be able to determine whether a cached response depends on the request payload or not, and thus can reuse responses accordingly. This already applies to responses that do not depend on the request method.)